In case of link malfunction above, go here.
FALLEN FLAGS II
By Jim Herron
All photos are copyright by George Elwood
“There is nothing permanent, except change.”
In the second of three parts, we continue to review the loss
of identity of America’s railroads after World War II, through
merger, absorption, bankruptcy or business failure.
|C&EI (Chicago & Eastern Illinois)
was sold to L&N in June 1969. The initials of today’s
575 mile C & EI are found within the MP “buzz saw”.
||Great Northern, the best transcontinental
railroad, became part of the Burlington Northern.
Pittsburgh & West Virginia created in 1917
was bought into the Norfolk & Western in October 1964, along
with the NKP and Wabash.
Kansas, Oklahoma & Gulf, a 327-mile route,
was absorbed by the Texas & Pacific in 1964.
|Litchfield & Madison, a 44-mile coal
hauler, was absorbed into the L&M in January of 1958.
||Cotton Belt Route, the St. Louis Southern,
became a part of MoPac and its parent, Southern Pacific RR.
The Southern Railroad rescued Georgia &
Florida, a short line, from receivership in 1963.
Seaboard RR consolidated with the Atlantic Coast
Line and became the Seaboard Coast Line in July of 1967.
Norfolk Southern merged with Southern in 1974.
|Illinois Central merged with the GM&O
in August 1972.
||Spokane, Portland & Seattle lost its
banner to Burlington Northern in 1970.
Akron, Canton & Youngstown, a 169-mile route,
was taken over by Norfolk & Western in 1964.
Western Maryland, an 861-mile coal route, is
now part of the Chessie System.
|Union Pacific acquired Spokane International,
a 150-mile route, in October 1958.
||The Nickel Plate Route absorbed Wheeling
& Lake Erie, a 500-mile route, in December 1949.
Texas & Pacific, a 2100-mile main line, was
lost in a takeover by Missouri Pacific.
Tennessee Central, a 285-mile carrier, shut
down in August 1968. L&N took over most of the route.
Savannah & Atlanta, a 144-mile route, merged
into SR Central of Georgia in 1971.
|Charleston & Western Carolina, a 342-mile
road, merged with ACL in 1959.
||Gulf, Mobile & Ohio, a 273-mile route,
was merged by the IC in August 1972.
Columbus & Greenville, a 168-mile Mississippi
short line, merged into Illinois Central Gulf in September of
1972, but was later dismantled.
Atlanta, Birmingham & Coast RR fell to parent
Atlantic Coast Line in 1945.
|Erie, “Peck’s Bad Boy”
of Eastern railroading, went through three bankruptcies and
finally merged with the Lackawanna in 1967 to become the Erie
New York, Ontario & Western, a 541-mile coal hauler, eclipsed
CM as the nation’s largest railroad to be abandoned
|Illinois Central acquired Mississippi Central,
a 149-mile bridge route, in 1967
|New York, New Haven & Hartford had
less than 200 miles of routes, but was a large, colorful eastern
passenger railroad that merged into the Penn Central in 1968.
||Long Island Railroad, a model passenger
and largest commuter railroad in the US, was owned by the
Pennsylvania Railroad, which let it file for bankruptcy in
1949. First a redevelopment, in 1966 it became an arm of New
York State’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
Chicago Great Western, a 1400-mile route, merged
into Chicago and Northwestern (C&NW) in July 1947.
Rutland Railroad, a 400-mile route was abandoned
after reorganization and a strike in 1950.
Next month: Part III of Fallen Flags, as the whittling down continues